The moon mission is a private endeavor, but it is sponsored by NASA’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services program, which is a key part of the agency’s efforts to return astronauts to the moon. The initiative will allow NASA to dole out contracts to private firms to ferry scientific instruments and other equipment to the lunar surface.
“We think that this is a great approach to leverage entrepreneurship and innovation in the American industrial base,” said Joel Kearns, a deputy associate administrator with the Science Mission Directorate at NASA headquarters.
Kearns said partnerships with commercial providers will allow NASA to launch more frequent and cost-effective missions to the moon.
The Peregrine Lander is the first spacecraft launched under the Commercial Lunar Payload Services Program . It will be carrying five NASA instruments to the moon, including gauges to measure the radiation environment on the lunar surface and spectrometers to study the abundance of materials such as hydrogen.
The mission will also be carrying several other nonscientific items, including payloads for two companies, Elysium Space and Celestis, that offer “space burials” by taking cremated remains into orbit or to the moon.
Astrobotic’s involvement with Celestis and Elysium Space has been controversial. Buu Nygren said that in a recent letter to NASA and U.S. Department of Transportation, leaving human remains on a celestial object that many Indigenous cultures hold sacred would be a “profound desecration”.
John Thornton, CEO of Astrobotic, said Friday in a news briefing that he was “disappointed” that the concerns were not raised earlier, but added that the company is “trying to do the right thing.”
“I hope we can find a good path forward with Navajo Nation,” he said.
If the Peregrine mission launches as scheduled on Monday, the lander will attempt to touch down on the moon on Feb. 23. The spacecraft is expected to land at a site known as Sinus Viscositatis, where ancient lava once flowed.
During a briefing before launch, Thornton stated that the Peregrine Mission represents an important step in the US commercial space industry. In particular, the flight could usher in a new era of space technology and innovation for Astrobotic and the city of Pittsburgh, Thornton said.
“We’re bringing a whole new state of space online,” Thornton said. “Pittsburgh comes from steel and went through downturns in the ’70s and ’80s and has since reinvented itself, and this mission is a representation that if Pittsburgh can land on the moon, Pittsburgh can do anything.”
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