Breakthrough discovery puts scientists one step closer to creating artificial DNA – DNyuz

Breakthrough discovery puts scientists one step closer to creating artificial DNA

DNA is the building block of life, and the genetic alphabet comprises just four letters or nucleotides. Scientists have been wondering for years whether it would be possible to create artificial DNA. Now, a breakthrough may finally provide the answer.

The main goal of a new study, the findings of which were published in Nature Communications this month, shows that scientists may finally be able to create new medicines for certain diseases by creating DNA with new nucleotides that can create custom proteins.

Creating artificial DNA opens the way to several useful applications. Being able to expand the genetic code could very well diversify the “range of molecules we can synthesize in the lab,” the study’s senior author Dong Wang, Ph.D., explained (via Phys.org).

Wang led the study along with Steven A. Benner Ph.D. and Dmitry Lyumkis Ph.D. Together, the three authors have shown that you can not only create artificial DNA but that the artificial nucleotides may also be able to help create custom proteins we could use to target specific diseases that are hard to combat.

Tech. Entertainment. Science. Science.

Sign up for the most interesting tech & entertainment news out there.

Email: SIGN UP

By signing up, I agree to the Terms of Use and have reviewed the Privacy Notice.

The researchers say that by using the same synthetic base pairs, they may be able to exploit the system while using the same geometry. And, because the system that governs DNA is so effective, mimicking it could also help ensure no serious mistakes in transcription or translation happen.

In the study, the researchers used what is known as the Artificially Expanded Genetic Information System (AEGIS), which incorporates two new pairs into the genetic alphabet. NASA first supported the initiative to try to understand how alien life might have developed.

Now it appears that this system may help us to decode the mystery of how we can create artificial DNA.

The post Breakthrough discovery puts scientists one step closer to creating artificial DNA appeared first on BGR.

Loading...