Scientists have discovered two bacteria with great antibiotic potential in a river in Chile.
The breakthrough comes as the search for new bacteria to develop antibiotics is one of humankind’s greatest health challenges as bacterial infections are increasingly resistant to conventional medical treatments.
The two bacteria were found by researchers at the Institute of Biomedical Sciences of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Chile (ICBM), according to a statement Zenger News obtained Wednesday from the University of Chile.
This reportedly occurred while the researchers were testing a cholera-causing bacteria’s ability to survive in water in the Mapocho River, which flows from the Andes mountains and cuts through the capital city of Santiago in Chile.
The bacteria are categorized as Pseudomona koreinsis I1 and Desemzia inserta I2 respectively and act as inhibitors of pathogens, according to the statement. This means they have promising antibiotic potential, and can be used to fight antibiotic resistance. The team will continue to investigate the findings in Chile’s National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development. They are also collaborating with FONDECYT in Chile in an effort to identify the antimicrobial compounds produced by these microorganisms.
This could lead to new formulas that could help address the global antibiotic resistance crisis. An estimated 10 million people will die annually starting in the year 2050 due to multi-resistant strains, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO stated that antimicrobial resistance is when bacteria, viruses and fungi become resistant to medications. This makes it more difficult to treat infections and increases the chance of serious illness, death, and disease spreading. As a result, the medicines become ineffective and infections persist in the body, increasing the risk of spread to others.”
Victor Garcia, an academic from ICBM’s Microbiology and Mycology program who led the team, stated that searches for the bacteria have taken place in ecological niches where unique bacteria is expected to be found. He said: “These are very little-explored areas, so one hopes to discover new molecules.” One of the biggest problems in today’s world is the fact that antimicrobials produced by inhibitory bacteria have been previously described.
“( It is very probable that we will find new molecules.
“Our project has to do with the discovery and characterization of these molecules, in the context of the critical problem for humanity that is the resistance of antibiotics to bacteria.”
This story was provided to Newsweek by Zenger News.
The post Bacteria for New Antibiotics Found in Chilean River appeared first on Newsweek.