3 Research-Backed Ways To Create Fun at Work

3 Research-Backed Ways To Create Fun at Work

What does it mean to have fun at work? Is it an oxymoron? Is it the secret to better future work ??

Most leaders don’t have a good pulse on how to create fun work environments for their employees. The staples of the workplace, from blouses and briefcases, to boring and dull cubicles, seem far removed from what we consider “fun.” But, on the other hand, modern Silicon Valley startups like beer-on-tap and pingpong may be fun, but are they actually enjoyable?

In a world where only 20 percent of workers are engaged at work, unpacking the science of how to have fun at work is now a business imperative. Although many leaders know the value of having fun at work, they often struggle to execute. It’s not enough to have happy hours or install foosball machines in the office.

Asana Labs is where I work. One of our areas of research focuses on understanding how we can have fun at work. Joshua Zerkel and I conducted our first study together. It was meant to serve as a platform for further research. It involved asking members of two of our internal teams, “What does having fun at work look like for you?” In analyzing these responses, we found that there’s a surprising science behind having fun at work.

Employees want deep fun, not shallow fun.

The first key takeaway that emerged from our research is that employees see “fun” as intimately linked with working on difficult problems. Employees said that, for them, fun looked like:

  • Diverse panels and roundtable discussions with hard-to-swallow topics.
  • Work-related, organized, and productive brainstorming sessions.
  • Carving out for creative thinking in pairs or as a group.

To better understand this relationship between fun and solving difficult problems, it’s useful to delineate between two different kinds of fun: deep fun and shallow fun. As Adam Grant has explained, “shallow fun” involves playing games at work (like ping-pong and foosball). In contrast, deep fun involves “working with people who stretch your thinking to solve problems that are novel, hard, and important.”

Confirming our research, Grant says that deep fun is what you want. If your idea of what it means to be a leader is not that your team works on challenging problems that challenge their thinking, then you need to revise.

Surprise, surprise.

The second key takeaway from our research is a bit meta. It turns out that the surprising science of having fun at work involves surprise. Multiple employees associated having fun at work with surprise, such as:

  • Surprises and delights.
  • Going on random adventures with coworkers during the work day.
  • Random brainstorming sessions.

How can we explain the relationship between fun and surprise? Research that examines the relation between pleasure and surprise can provide some insights. The brain releases dopamine when it is surprised, according to research.

A fascinating study by Emory University researchers involved squirting fruit juice into the mouths of study participants. Participants received juice squirts in predictable times, others were given squirts randomly. When the researchers reviewed MRI scans of participants’ brains, they found that the unpredictable, surprise squirts evoked more dopamine release.

Next time your company is planning a fun activity, add an element of surprise. No when2meet polls, no RSVPs-just a dopamine-releasing element of surprise.

The gift of time.

The final takeaway from our research was perhaps the most surprising. We found that some employees associated having fun at work with the gift of time. They associated having fun with efficiency, effortlessness, and even having fewer meetings. They said that, for them, fun at work looked like:

  • Working on campaigns or projects that are run efficiently.

  • A work environment where employees work more effortlessly.

  • Workdays without back-to-back meetings.

This link between fun and the gift of time may be unexpected, but it speaks to the rampant time famine that employed workers have faced for decades. Research by Gallup has found that 61 percent of working Americans say they do not have enough time to do all they want to do each day.

Our research suggests that, even with great intentions, it may be challenging to create fun workplaces when employees are swimming in meetings, workplace inefficiencies, and overwhelm. Bob Sutton and Leidy Klotz’s brilliant research on friction and the value of subtraction in the workplace may help you lay the foundations to be able to infuse fun into your workplace.

Oxymoronic no more.

“Fun” and “work” don’t need to be oxymoronic. Quite the opposite, having fun at work is key to boosting employee engagement, which, in turn, can positively impact your bottom line. You need to learn the secrets of creating fun at work.

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